Nanostructures, or unique atomic configurations and electronic structures localized at surfaces, interfaces, and point defects, often play a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant recent advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. This Project aims to further accelerate exploration of frontiers in nanomaterials science, and to strongly promote integration of information to utilize accumulated knowledge regarding nanostructures for design and innovation of actual materials. The collaboration of researchers from diverse disciplines, such as materials science, applied physics, solid state chemistry, catalytic chemistry, and information science would create a new trend in materials science.
This project is based on the following two research strategies:
(1) Investigate unexplored frontiers in nanomaterials science at the state-of-the-art level. Nano-scale built-in experiments, nano-scale measurements, and accurate first-principles calculations are used intimately together to systematically collect previously unknown nanostructural information.
(2) The newly obtained nanostructural information is used to guide design and innovation of actual materials through integration of information by combining theoretical and experimental results. The effectiveness of the present approach is verified and would be established as a new research area.